A module on the relationship between the Hollywood and European approaches to film. Mainstream Hollywood cinema has shaped our expectations of what cinema is all about. Hollywood cinema follows the conventions of classical Hollywood narrative as introduced and consolidated in the first three decades of film's existence as a medium, whereas European cinema tended to explore more artistic approaches and develop the idea of the film auteur. The module introduces students to the different industrial and cultural frameworks of Hollywood and European cinema. Adopting a comparative historical perspective, it explains the factors that have led to the dominance of American cinema across Europe while at the same time investigating in what respects European cinema has had an impact on the American film industry.