This module addresses the issues raised by need for effective management of human resources in the global market place. It explores the impact of national culture, the debates in the comparative HRM literature and examples of differences in the way HRM is conducted around the world. It also examines how international organisations deal with the extra complexity that operating internationally brings to HRM. Within the international context of strategic human resource management each of the core functions of recruitment, reward, learning and development, performance management and employee relations, are examined and compared and contrasted with domestic HRM practices. Some current issues will also be examined including the convergence/divergence debate, the foreign vs. local staffing debate, women expatriates, joint venture issues and issues surrounding cross-cultural management.